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The BUB3-BUB1 Complex Promotes Telomere DNA Replication

Highlights

BUB3-BUB1 complex binds to telomeres and promotes their replication during S phase

  • BUB3-BUB1 complex prevents telomere shortening and fragility

  • TRF2 binds BUB3 and targets BUB1-BUB3 to telomeres during S phase

  • BUB1 phosphorylates TRF1 to recruit BLM helicase to overcome replication stress

Summary

Telomeres and telomere-binding proteins form complex secondary nucleoprotein structures that are critical for genome integrity but can present serious challenges during telomere DNA replication. It remains unclear how telomere replication stress is resolved during S phase. Here, we show that the BUB3-BUB1 complex, a component in spindle assembly checkpoint, binds to telomeres during S phase and promotes telomere DNA replication. Loss of the BUB3-BUB1 complex results in telomere replication defects, including fragile and shortened telomeres. We also demonstrate that the telomere-binding ability of BUB3 and kinase activity of BUB1 are indispensable to BUB3-BUB1 function at telomeres. TRF2 targets BUB1-BUB3 to telomeres, and BUB1 can directly phosphorylate TRF1 and promote TRF1 recruitment of BLM helicase to overcome replication stress. Our findings have uncovered previously unknown roles for the BUB3-BUB1 complex in S phase and shed light on how proteins from diverse pathways function coordinately to ensure proper telomere replication and maintenance.

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https://www.cell.com/molecular-cell/fulltext/S1097-2765(18)30235-1


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